Who was the pioneer of the Bengal School of Art?

Who was the pioneer of the Bengal School of Art? 

(A) Nandlal Bose 

(B) B.C. Sanyal 

(C) Jamini Roy 

(D) Abanindranath Tagore 

Answer: (D) Abanindranath Tagore was the principal artist and creator of ‘Indian Society of Oriental Art’ and the first major exponent of swadeshi values in Indian art, thereby founding the influential Bengal school of art, which led to the development of modern Indian painting. He was also a noted writer, particularly for children. Popularly known as ‘Aban Thakur’, his books Rajkahini, Budo Angla, Nalak, and Ksheerer Putul are landmarks in Bengali language children’s literature. Tagore sought to modernize Moghul and Rajput styles in order to counter the influence of Western models of art, as taught in Art Schools under the British Raj and developed the Indian style of painting, later known as the Bengal school of art which was an influential art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan, and flourished throughout India during the British Raj in the early 20th century. 

Who was the pioneer of the Ben gal School of Art? (A) Nandlal Bose (B) B.C. Sanyal (C) Jamini Roy (D) Abanindranath Tagore

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