The Electron microscope was invented by

The Electron microscope was invented by 

(1) Knoll and Ruska 

(2) Robert Koch 

(3) Leeuwenhoek 

(4) C.P. Swanson 

Answer: (1) It is widely accepted that the first prototype of an electron microscope was built by Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll in 1931; it was not more powerful than an optical microscope, but it demonstrated the principle that is still used in today’s sophisticated and powerful instruments and earned its builders a share of a Nobel Prize. An electron microscope uses a beam of electrons to illuminate a specimen and produce a magnified image. An electron microscope (EM) has greater resolving power than a light-powered optical microscope because electrons have wavelengths about 100,000 times shorter than visible light photons. The electron microscope uses electrostatic and electromagnetic “lenses” to control the electron beam and focus it to form an image. 

The Electron microscope was invented by   (1) Knoll and Ruska   (2) Robert Koch   (3) Leeuwenhoek   (4) C.P. Swanson

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